Morocco is a country with many spectacular places and advisable to visit. Here we will talk about the places, of the Moroccan country, declared Patrimony of the Humanity by the UNESCO.
1. Medina of Marrakech
The Medina of Marrakech is the old city, protected by a cordon of bastions made of red earth that enclose a labyrinth of alleys and palaces, markets, and mosques, domes, and minarets. The Medina of Marrakech has been declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1985 and is currently one of the must-see places. Its heart is the great Jamaa el Fna square, to the north of which opens the labyrinth of the Suks (traditional markets, often discovered). Going north you will find the Ben Youssef Mosque and Madrasa and the Marrakesh Museum.
Today the area is dominated by the Royal Palace, erected on the ruins of the previous Almohad palaces, which occupies a vast area surrounded by walls (the so-called kasbah, which means fortified citadel) and is not open to the public. But you can visit the palace of the Bay and Dar Si Said, built in the nineteenth century by two viziers of the sultans and the imposing ruins of the grand palace Badi.
2. Jamaa El Fna Square
The great Plaza Jamaa El Fna is irregularly shaped and the heart of the Medina from which, in all directions, a dense web of narrow streets. In it, you find street vendors of all kinds and women who paint hands and feet with henna. Also make their appearance the sellers of water, quintals or dentures and aphrodisiac potions.
At night it is a place to walk for people of all ages and there are spectacles of jugglers, musicians, fakirs, snake charmers, and jugglers, in the center of the square are installed dozens of stalls-restaurant serving skewers and other traditional dishes Cooked on the spot. In 2001, Unesco proclaimed and registered in 2008, the cultural space of the Jemaa el-Fna Square in the Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
3. Medina of Fez
The Medina of Fez el-Bali, (old Fez) is the oldest and largest pedestrian area in the world. It was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1981. It has labyrinthine streets, surrounded by medieval doors and walls.
The Bab Bou Jeloud Gate or Blue Gate is the main gateway to the Medina of Fez. It was built in 1913, consisting of 3 symmetrical horseshoe arches embellished with a rich decoration composed of azure tiles.
4. Ksar Ait-Ben-Haddou
Kashba Ait Ben Haddou is a fortified city or ksar and is located in the province of Uarzazat. It was the first route of the caravans between the Sahara and Marrakech. Ait Benhaddou was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987.
These Kasbahs were formerly great walled Berber villages designed with the aim of defending the houses, crops and palm groves that grow along its banks. These peoples formed large agrarian and mercantile communities with a very particular vision of Islam. It is a town of clay and stone with buildings surrounded by great walls.
5. Historic city of Meknes
In the 17th century, the Sultan Alayhi Mulay Ismael decided to make Meknes the most beautiful and powerful imperial city in Morocco, located at 140 from Rabat, protected by forty kilometers of walls, with the door opening to the city, Bab Mansour, plus Beautiful country. The mausoleum where the creator of the city stands is a monument worth a visit.
Its medina and the vestiges of the royal palace made the city part of the World Heritage of Humanity chosen by UNESCO. They stand out: the Medersa Bou Inania, the Hispanic-Moorish masterpiece; The Nejjarine mosque, one of the many in this city “of the hundred minarets”; The palace of the Mansur, luxurious bourgeois residence of late nineteenth century transformed into the bazaar.
6. The medina of Tetuan
Tetuan is a charming city; Heir of the Spanish Moorish style, expresses the best Moroccan traditions in its streets, markets, museums, cultural activities and places to see. Its Medina or ancient city is unique: a labyrinth of tree-lined streets that has been declared a World Heritage Site.
Here you can see Hasan II square and the Royal Palace, a beautiful example of Moorish architecture. The place becomes quite lively at night. To the west of the Medina is the Ensanche, the new city, built under the Spanish protectorate.
7. Archaeological sites of Volubilis
This impressive Romanian city is located approximately 20 kilometers from the aforementioned Mequínez. One of the most significant points of the archaeological site of Volubilis lies in its very good state of conservation, which explains – among others – the fact that Unesco has incorporated it into the list of World Heritage.
The forum, the Temple of Jupiter Capitolino and the basilica, dating from the second century, are the most important monuments among the huge number of archaeological remains (bathrooms, decorative mosaics, shops, oil presses, residences etc.).
8. Medina of Essaouira
The Medina of Essaouira, or Essaouira, is an extraordinary and beautiful fishing village that is an excellent example of the fortified populations in this place that were built during the eighteenth century. This place, which was classified as a World Heritage Site in 2001, grew over time from being a small village to being one of the most important ports in the country.
In this Medina, which used to be called Mogador, you can see some excellent examples of eighteenth-century fortified architecture, as it has been one of the few villages of this style that have survived to this day. At present this place is considered as one of the most important tourist attractions in the country, in addition to having one of the best docks in Morocco because Isla Mogador protects the port from high winds and high tides.
9. Mosque of the Andalusian
It is one of the main attractions in the Medina of Fez, first in size within the city and also worldwide. Visiting this Moroccan town and not taking a good tour of the labyrinthine maelstrom of the medina is really unacceptable. Museums, monuments, markets, schools, stories, and anecdotes await travelers in the most hidden corners of this site as striking as suggestive in terms of culture in general.
There are no problems or restrictions to visit Fez el-Bali. It is only recommended to do it with a detailed and punctilious map since the hundreds of neighborhoods and the thousands of alleys existing there contribute remarkably to the possibility of being lost. Also, it is worth taking into account the idea of hiring a local (and official) guide to learn and delve into each topic in greater depth.